376 CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS for Classes XI & XII


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1 376 CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS for Classes XI & XII MATHEMATICS CLASS  XI One Paper Time : 3 Hours 100 Marks Units Unitwise Weightage Marks Periods I. Sets Relations and Functions [9 marks] 1. Sets Relations and Functions Trigonometric Functions 16 9 II. Algebra [37 marks] 1. Comple Number Quadratic Equations and Linear Inequalities Permutations Combinations Mathematical Induction and 15 7 Binomial Theorem 3. Sequence and Series 9 16 III. Coordinate Geometry [13 marks] 1. Locus and Equation Straight Lines Circle Conic Section and Introduction to 7 13 Threedimension Geometry IV. Calculus [6 marks] Limits and Derivatives 6 11 V. Mathematical Reasoning [3 marks] 3 5 VI. Statistics and Probability [1 marks] 1 Total = UnitI: Sets Relations and Functions [9 marks] 1. Sets Sets and their representations Finite and infinite sets Empty set Equal sets Subsets Subsets of the set of real numbers especially intervals (with notations) Power sets Universal set Venn diagrams Complements of a set Operation on sets (union intersection and difference of sets).. Relations and Functions Ordered pairs Cartesian product of sets Number of elements in the Cartesian product of two finite sets. The product sets R R (or R ) and R R R (or R 3 ) where R is the set of real numbers. Relation from one set to another Domain and range of a relation. Function as a special kind of relation from one set to another. Domain Co domain and range of a function. Diagramatic (Pictorial) representation of a function. Real valued function of a real variable and their domain and range. Some specific functions and their
2 378 CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS for Classes XI & XII graphs including constant identity polynomial rational modulus signum and greatest integer function. Sum difference product and quotients of real valued functions. 3. Trigonometric functions Positive and negative angles Measurement of angles Seagesemal system and circular system Conversion from one system to another. Definition of trigonometric functions with the help of unit circle. Signs of trigonometric functions (Quadrant Rule). The identity Sin +Cos =1. Graphs of trigonometric functions. To epress Cos (±y) and Sin( ±y) in terms of Sin Sin y Cos and Cos y. Deduction of other addition and subtraction formulae. To epress Sin ± Sin y and Cos ± Cos y as products. Identities related to multiple and submultiple angles. General solution of trigonometric equations. Sine and Cosine formulae in a triangle and their simple applications. UnitII: Algebra [37 marks] 1. Comple numbers and Quadratic Equations. Need for comple numbers. The fundamental imaginary unit 1(or i). Comple numbers in the form of a + ib Real and imaginary parts of a comple number Comple conjugates Representation of a comple number by a point in a plane Argand diagram Modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a comple numberalgebra of comple numbers Triangle inequality Polar representation of a comple number. Statement of Fundamental Theorem of Algebra Solution of quadratic equation in the comple number system. Square root of a comple number Cube root of unity and their properties.. Linear Inequalities. Linear inequalities Algebraic solution of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line. Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables. Solution of system of linear inequalities in two variables  graphically. Inequalities involving modulus functions. 3. Premutations and Combinations. Fundamental principle of counting Factorial n where n is a nonnegative integer Permutation as an arrangement Meaning of n P r or P( nr) Permutations in which things (i) may be repeated (ii) are not all different. Combination Meaning of n C r or C(nr). Important properties of n P r and n C r. Applications of permutations and combinations. 4. Mathematical Induction. Principles of Mathematical Induction and its applications. 5. Binomial Theorem. Bionomial theorem for a positive integral inde. Pascal's triangle General term Middle terms Equidistant terms properties of Binomial coefficients Simple Applications. 6. Sequence and Series. Sequence and Series Arithmetic Progression (A.P.) Arithmetic Mean (A.M.) Insertion of arithmetic means between two numbers Geometric progression (G.P.) First term Common ratio general term sum to n terms of a G.P. Geometric Mean (G.M.) Insertion of geometric means between two numbers. Relation between A.M. and G.M. sum to n terms of special series n n and n 3. UnitIII: Coordinate Geometry [13 marks] 1. Locus and equation of a locus : Brief recall of D geometry from earlier classes. Shifting of origin. Locus and equation of a locus.. Straight lines : Slope of a line and angle between two lines various forms of equation of a straight line Parallel to aes slopeintercept form pointslope form two point form intercepts form and normal form. General equation of first degree in two variables represents a straight line. Reduction of the general equation of a line to different forms. System of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines. Distance of a point from a line. 3. Circle : Definition Equation of circle with given centre and radius General equation of a circle its centre and radius. Equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given. Interior and eterior of a circle. 4. Conic section : Sections of a cone. Definition of a conic section. Equation of a conic section having given eccentricity focus and directri. Standard equation and simple properties of parabola ellipse and hyperbola. 5. Introduction to Threedimentional Geometry : Coordinate aes and coordinate planes in three dimensions. Coordinates of a point. Distance between two points and section formula. UnitIV: Calculus [06 marks] Limits and derivatives : Idea of limit Left hand and right hand limits conditions for eistence of limit. Fundamental Theorem on limit (statement only) and standard limits (i) (i) n n a n 1 lim = na (with Proof) a a sin lim = 1(with Proof) 0 Derivative introduced as rate of change both as that of distance function and geometrically. Definition of derivative relate it to slope of tangent to a curve; Derivative of sum difference product and quotient of functions. Derivative of polynomial and trigonometric functions.
3 CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS for Classes XI & XII CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS for Classes XI & XII UnitV: Mathematical Reasoning : [03 marks] Mathematically acceptable statements. Basic connecting words or phrases. Simple and compound statements. Truth tables. Understanding of and or implies implies by if and only if there eists for all and their use through variety of eamples related to Mathematics. Negation of a statement. Contra positive and converse of an implication. Validating statement involving connecting words. Checking the truth of a statement by method of contradiction. UnitVI: Statistics and Probability [1 marks] 1. Statistics : Measure of dispersion Mean deviation Variance and Standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data. Analysis of frequency distribution with equal means but different variances.. Probability : Random eperiment Outcomes sample spaces (set representation) Events occurrence of events not and & or events ehaustive events mutually eclusive events Aiomatic (set theoretic) probability connections with the theories of earlier classes. Probability of an event probability of not and & or events. Appendi : 1. Infinite series : Eponential and Logarithmic series.. Mathematical Modelling : Consolidating the understanding developed upto Class X. Focus on modelling problems related to real life (like environment travel etc.) and connecting with other subjects of study where many constraints may really need to be ignored formulating the model looking for solutions interpreting them in the problems situation and evaluating the model. PRESCRIBED TEXTBOOK : Frank Senior Secondary Mathematics for Class XI (As per latest syllabus of the Council). By : S.N. Chhibber G.D. Dhall & J.C. Nijhawan. Published by : Frank Bros. & Co. (Publishers) Ltd. New Delhi REFERENCE BOOKS : 1. Mathematics (Tetbook for Class XI) Published by : NCERT New Delhi. Modern s abc of Mathematics for Class XI By : J.P. Mohindru Published by : Modern Publishers Jalandhar. DESIGN QUESTION PAPER/UNIT TEST Subject : MATHEMATICS Class : XI Time : 3 Hours Full Marks : 100 I. WEIGHTAGE TO OBJECTIVES : Objectives K U A S Total Percentage of Marks 0 to to 55 6 to 18 0 to Marks 0 to to 55 6 to 18 0 to II. WEIGHTAGE TO FORM OF QUESTIONS : Forms of Questions E SAI SAII VSA O Total No. of Questions Marks Allotted Estimated Time (in Minutes) III. WEIGHTAGE TO CONTENT : Units Topics Marks UnitI 1. Sets Relations and Functions 13. Trigonometric Functions 16 UnitII 1. Comple numbers Quadratic equation and Linear Inequalities 13. Permutations and Combinations Mathematical Induction and Binomial Theorem Sequence and Series 9 UnitIII 1. Locus and equation Straight lines 6. Circle Conic section & Introduction to 3 Dimension Geometry 7 UnitIV Limits and Derivatives 6 UnitV Mathematical Reasoning 3 UnitVI Statistics and Probability 1 Total : 100 IV. SCHEME OF SECTIONS : NIL V. SCHEME OF OPTIONS: Internal option in any two SAI type and in any three Essay Type VI. DIFFICULTY LEVEL : Difficult : 15% marks Average : 50% marks Easy : 35% marks Abbreviation : K (Knowledge) U (Understanding) A (Application) S (Skill) E (Essay Type) SA (Short Answer Type) VSA (Very Short Answer Type) O (Objective Type)
4 CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS for Classes XI & XII 381 MATHEMATICS CLASS  XII One Paper Time : 3 Hours 100 Marks Units Unitwise Weightage Marks Periods I. Relations and Functions [10 marks] 1. Relations and Functions 5 9. Inverse Trigonometric Functions 5 9 II. Algebra [13 marks] 1. Matrices Determinants 6 11 III. Calculus [44 marks] 1. Continuity and Differentiability Applications of Derivatives Integrals Applications of Integrals Differential Equations 8 14 IV. Vectors and Three Dimensional Geometry [17 marks] 1. Vectors Three dimensional Geometry 9 16 V. Linear Programming [06 marks] 6 11 VI. Probability [10 marks] Total : UnitI: Relations and Functions [10 marks] 1. Relations and Functions : Relation in a set. Types of relations refleive symmetric transitive and equivalence relations. Types of functions injective (oneone) subjective (onto) bijective functions. Inverse of a function Composite of functions. Binary operations.. Inverse Trigonometric Functions : Definition range domain principal value branches. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions. UnitII: Algebra [13 marks] Matrices : Concept notation order equality types of matrices zeromatri transpose of a matri symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Addition multiplication and scalar multiplication of matrices simple properties of addition multiplication and scalar multiplication. Noncommutativity of multiplication of matrices and eistence of nonzero matrices whose product is the zero matri (restrict to square matrices of order ) Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse if it eists : (Here all matrices will have real entries). Determinants : Determinant of a square matri (upto 33 matrices) properties of determinants minors cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matri. Consistency inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by eamples solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matri. Cramer s Rule and its applications. UnitIII: Calculus [44 marks] 1. Continuity and Differentiability : Continuity and differentiability derivative of composite functions chain rule derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions derivative of implicit function. Concept of eponential and logarithmic functions and their derivatives. Logarithmic functions as inverse of eponential functions log(1+ ) e 1 lim lim lim 1 + lim 1 + lim lim Logarithmic differentiation. Derivative of functions epressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives. Rolle s and Lagrange s Mean Value Theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretations and simple applications.. Applications of Derivatives : Applications of derivatives : rate of change increasing/decreasing functions tangents & normals approimation maima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as reallife situations). 3. Integrals : Integration as inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution by partial fractions and by parts only simple integrals of the type ± + + a ± a a a b c a + b+ c
5 CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS for Classes XI & XII CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS for Classes XI & XII + ( p q) a + b+ c ( p+ q) a + b+ c a ± and a a + b+ c ( p+ q) a + b+ c a+ b cos a+ to be evaluated. b sin Definite integrals as a limit of a sum. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals. 4. Applications of Integrals : Application in finding the area under simple curves especially lines areas of circles parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only) area under the curves y = sin y = cos etc. area between the two above said curves (the region should be clearly identifiable). 5. Differential Equations : Definition order and degree general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equations of the type : dy + p()y = q() where p() and q() are functions of and dy + p(y) = q(y) where p(y) and q(y) are functions of y. UnitIV: Vectors and Three dimensional Geometry [17 marks] 1. Vectors Vectors and scalars magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines/ ratios of vectors. Types of vectors (equal unit zero parallel and collinear vectors) position vector of a point negative of a vector components of a vector addition of vectors multiplication of a vector by a scalar position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Scalar (dot) product of vectors projection of a vector on a line. Vector (cross) product of vectors. Scalar triple product.. Threedinensional Geometry : Orthogonal Projection Projection of a point on a line/plane. Direction cosines direction ratios; Projection of the joint of two given points on a line. Cartesian and Vector equation of a line Coplanar lines Skew lines Shortest distance between two lines. Cartesian and Vector equation of a plane. Angle between (i) two lines (ii) two planes (iii) a line and a plane. Conditions for perpendicularity and parallelism. Distance of a point from a plane. UnitV: Linear Programming [6 marks] 1. Linear Programming : Introduction definition of related terminology such as constraints objective function optimization different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems mathematical formulation of L.P. problems graphical method of solution of problems in two variables feasible and infeasible regions feasible and infeasible solutions optimal feasible solutions (upto three nontrivial constraints). UnitVI: Probability [10 marks] Appendi : 1. Probability : Multiplication theorem on probability Conditional probability independent events total probability Baye s theorem. Random variable and its probability distribution mean and variance of random variable. Repeated independent (Bernoulli) trails and Binomial distribution. 1. Proofs in Mathematics : Through a variety of eamples related to mathematics & already familiar to the learner bring out different kinds of proofs : direct contrapositive by contradiction by counter eample.. Mathematical Modelling : Modelling reallife problems where many constraints may really need to be ignored (continuing from Class XI). However now the models concerned would use techniques/results of matrices calculus and linear programming. PRESCRIBED TEXTBOOK : Frank Senior Secondary Mathematics for Class XII (As per latest syllabus of the Council). By : S.N. Chhibber G.D. Dhall & J.C. Nijhawan. Published by : Frank Bros. & Co. (Publishers) Ltd. New Delhi REFERENCE BOOKS : 1. Mathematics Part I & II (Tetbook for Class XII) Published by : NCERT New Delhi. Modern s abc of Mathematics for Class XII By : J.P. Mohindru Published by : Modern Publishers Jalandhar.
6 CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS for Classes XI & XII 385 DESIGN QUESTION PAPER/UNIT TEST Subject : MATHEMATICS Class : XII Time : 3 Hours Full Marks : 100 I. WEIGHTAGE TO OBJECTIVES : Objectives K U A S Total Percentage of Marks 0 to to 55 6 to 18 0 to Marks 0 to to 55 6 to 18 0 to II. WEIGHTAGE TO FORM OF QUESTIONS : Forms of Questions E SAI SAII VSA O Total No. of Questions Marks Allotted Estimated Time (in Minutes) III. WEIGHTAGE TO CONTENT : Units Topics Marks UnitI 1.1 Relations and Functions 5 1. Inverse Trigonometric functions 5 UnitII.1 Matrices 7. Determinants 6 UnitIII 3.1 Continuity and Differentiability Applications of derivatives Integrals Applications of Integrals Differential Equations 8 UnitIV 4.1 Vectors 8 4. Threedimentional Geometry 9 UnitV 5.1 Linear Programming 6 UnitVI 6.1 Probability 10 Total : 100 IV. SCHEME OF SECTIONS : NIL V. SCHEME OF OPTIONS:Internal option in any two SAI type and in any three Essay Type VI. DIFFICULTY LEVEL : Difficult : 15% marks Average : 50% marks Easy : 35% marks Abbreviation : K (Knowledge) U (Understanding) A (Application) S (Skill) E (Essay Type) SA (Short Answer Type) VSA (Very Short Answer Type) O (Objective Type)
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